The beetles (Coleoptera) are an order of holometabolous insects with elytra protecting their wings. The word "beetle" comes from the Greek κολεός "Scabbard" and πτερόν " wing ". This is the order with the highest number of species described (nearly 387,000 in 2015). Many species or groups of species have well-established vernacular names; beetles, ladybirds, beetles, leaf beetles, beetles, weevils, ground beetles, leptures, for example, are beetles. Appeared almost 280 million years, Coleoptera are among the rare terrestrial organisms to resemble their ancestors (taxonomic stability). Essentially terrestrial, they live in virtually almost all climates and have colonized all continental, terrestrial and freshwater biotopes except Antarctica. Only the sea was not colonized, this marine habitat being mainly dominated by the group of crustaceans, from which the Hexapods come precisely by adaptation to the terrestrial environment
Prevention tips and recommendations
Adult beetles and larvae can infest your home, but it's the larvae that cause the most damage by eating organic materials like wool, leather, and silk. To know where to focus most of your cleaning, start by looking for the main source of infestation, which will be the area with the most signs of damage and beetles. Check dark, secluded areas like basements and under rugs and area rugs for signs such as:
- Brown, hairy, shell-shaped larval skins
- Brown faecal granules, the size of a grain of salt
- Adult beetles, oval in shape, can be different colors and are just larger than the head of a pin. They can fly and usually live outdoors, but lay their eggs indoors in dark, secluded places.
- The larvae, slightly longer than adults, often have tufts of hair, although some varieties can be smooth and shiny. They can be brown, red, white or striped.
- Vacuum your home quite often
- Discard infested fabric or clothing.
- Choose synthetic fabrics over organic